Edité par l'association SOL (alternatives agroécologiques et solidaires )
Introduite par les français durant la colonisation, la baguette de pain
semble avoir définitivement conquis le coeur des sénégalais. Cette
modification des habitudes alimentaires a un coût pour les pays d'Afrique
de l'Ouest qui ne produisent pas de blé. Pourquoi ne pas faire du pain avec
le mil, le maïs, le manioc ou le sorgho ? Réunis à Dakar lors du Forum
Social Mondial, un groupe de boulangers français, indiens, mexicains,
brésiliens et sénégalais tente d'accommoder céréales et tubercules locales
dans diverses recettes de pain, biscuits, crêpes et tortillas. Cette rencontre
est placée sous le signe du goût et du plaisir des papilles mais aussi et
surtout de l'échange et de la transmission de savoirs.
SORGHUM FARMING HELPS KENYAN FARMERS COPE WITH DROUGHT
Most parts of Kenya went without rain in the year 2016. According to the Kenyan Government a total of 1.3 million Kenyans are affected by drought. All hope is however not lost. Despite minimal rainfall, farmers in Tharaka Nithi County are defying the harsh weather conditions by farming alternative crops. With the help of ICRISAT, Mr Shadrack Kithome, a farmer from Chiakariga Ward in Tharaka Nithi County, has adapted to the farming of drought tolerant crops. Chiakariga ward lies in a semi-arid region where rainfall averages 150mm to 800mm annually with high temperatures during hot seasons.
“I was able to get quality sorghum seed from ICRISAT, and I planted in the month of October. The rains came once in the last week of October and the rains came again for 11 days in November, and then it never rained again, but despite the minimal rainfall I am expecting good yield from my farm” Shadrack said.
Farmers who planted maize during the drought season are expecting lower yields as compared to those who planted drought-tolerant crops. In a one hectare maize farm, for instance, farmers are expecting one, 90 Kg bag of maize, whereas from a one hectare farm of sorghum, Shadrack is expecting more than eight 90 Kg bags of sorghum.
“The soil in Chiakariga ward is Nitrogen deficient, and it needs to be boosted with fertilizer. Fertilizer is very useful especially in the semi-arid areas. However, it has to be used appropriately to avoid ruining the soil” Shadrack added.
“I would like to encourage farmers, especially during this drought season to plant crops that can tolerate the adverse climate. The drought tolerant crops are not only nutritious but also have a good market price and are in high demand in the market,” says Shadrack.
Shadrack Kithome farms not only sorghum but also pearl millet, green grams, cow peas and maize. He is, however, reluctant on planting maize during the drought season as the yield is not sufficient.
Scientists from ICRISAT have been encouraging farmers in Chiakariga ward to embrace farming of drought tolerant crops that can tolerate harsh weather conditions, so they could beat the drought season and at the same time benefit from the nutritious value of the crops.
Through the, Kenya Accelerated Value Chain Development Program, ICRISAT in partnership, is promoting drought tolerant crops and has reached approximately 50,000 farmers in six counties namely: Tharaka Nithi, Makueni, Kitui, Siaya, Busia and Elgeyo Marakwet.
is a Masters student at Daystar University. She is currently attached to the communications office at ICRISAT, Nairobi.