Irrigation is necessary for about 40 % of the food consumed in the world. This has allowed millions of farmers to increase their profits. But excess often leads to perilous situations wherein consumption will surpass the capacity of natural recharge of water reserves.
This resource, which was thought of as inexhaustible is declining irremediably, and today we witness such a pillaging that will jeopardise future generations.
Even more critical, many countries now draw from deeper recharge reserves, called “non-renewable”, endangering their future. For instance : India, which will be the extremely sensitive to global warming, is the top most user of these non-renewable resources, even when cereals in India depend 75 % on irrigation.
Without a strong strategy, global warming will exacerbate global food security.